The Jersey curriculum follows that of England. A similar office, the Maison de Normandie in St. Helier, represents the Conseil général of Manche and the Regional Council of Normandy. [91], Censuses have been undertaken in Jersey since 1821. The Channel Islands have implemented domestic legislation which is essentially equivalent … Its owners, however, struggled to meet tough competition from the Cineworld Cinemas group, which opened a 10 screen multiplex on the waterfront centre in St. Helier on reclaimed land in December 2002 and the Odeon closed its doors in late 2008. The most notable exurban development is the Les Quennevais area, which is home to a small precinct of shops, a park and a leisure centre. This function has now been abolished. The tax laws of the islands are among the best in the world for business because no VAT tax is charged. Jersey has a separate relationship to the Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey and the Isle of Man, although all are held by the monarch of the United Kingdom.[13]. It lies 75 miles south of the English Coast and 30 miles from Normandy. [63] This will continue until the end of the Brexit transition period. [82][83] The herd total in 2009 was 5,090 animals. Jersey has a lieutenant governor who is in charge of the island as the representative of the Queen. In simple terms, the Island is treated as part of the European Union for the purposes of free trade in goods, but otherwise is not a part of the EU. If such a service would otherwise be treated as supplied in a country that isn't a member state and is to any extent effectively used and enjoyed in the UK, the supply is a UK supply to that extent by virtue of paragraph 9(2) of Schedule 4A to VATA 1994. [27] The ending -ey denotes an island[28][29] (as in Guernsey or Surtsey). The EEA Treaty is a commercial treaty and differs from the EU Treaties in certain key respects. The French commanders were slain. [51] Since 13 March 2017, the incumbent Lieutenant Governor has been Sir Stephen Dalton. Many people in these communities regularly travel to St Helier for work and leisure purposes. In July 2009, a Channel Islands Tunnel was proposed to connect Jersey with Lower Normandy. Jersey residents did not have a right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. BBC Radio Jersey provides a radio service, and BBC Channel Islands News with headquarters in Jersey provides a joint television news service with Guernsey. Now, Croatia has submitted an application to participate. Besides cider, apple brandy is produced. The Income Tax Law of 1928 introducing income tax was the first law drafted entirely in English. The Government of Jersey provides education through state schools (including a fee-paying option at secondary level) and also supports private schools. Water in Jersey is almost exclusively from rainfall-dependent surface water. The referendum was known as Brexit. Jersey is part of the Common Travel Area (CTA) which allows free movement of people to and from the UK and Ireland. Jersey wants to become a full member of the Commonwealth in its own right.[55]. The island was placed into a lockdown, with significant restrictions on freedom of movement for residents on 30 March. The path to becoming a self-governing island was not easy. [73] The island is effectively a single conurbation, consisting of an urban core, suburbs and exurban rural communities. Treasure islands: Tax havens and the men who stole the world. [4] Fisheries and aquaculture make use of Jersey's marine resources to a total value of over £6 million in 2009.[4]. [47] In 1973, the Royal Commission on the Constitution set out the duties of the Crown as including: ultimate responsibility for the 'good government' of the Crown dependencies; ratification of island legislation by Order in Council (Royal Assent); international representation, subject to consultation with the island authorities before concluding any agreement which would apply to them; ensuring the islands meet their international obligations; and defence. There is also a taxi network. Well, the Channel Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and Herm) are NOT part of the UK or the European Union for VAT purposes. [9] It is the second-closest of the Channel Islands to France, after Alderney. The Archaeology and Early History of the Channel Islands, Heather Sebire, 2005. On the basis of the established principles the Council of Ministers decided to "ensure that Jersey is prepared for external change that may affect the island's formal relationship with the United Kingdom and/or European Union". First held in 2008, the Branchage Jersey International Film Festival[111] attracts filmmakers from all over the world. The Odeon is now a listed building.[109][110]. In two tournaments at this level Jersey have finished 6th. [53] Jersey's legal system is therefore described as 'mixed' or 'pluralistic', and sources of law are in French and English languages, although since the 1950s the main working language of the legal system is English. [21] Jèrriais nonetheless survives; around 2,600 islanders (three percent) are reckoned to be habitual speakers, and some 10,000 (12 percent) in all claim some knowledge of the language, particularly amongst the elderly in rural parishes. The treaty of Rome is seen as the formation of what is now called the EU. Under Protocol 3, Jersey was part of the European Union Customs Union of the European Community. Gross national income in 2009 was £3.7 billion (approximately £40,000 per head of population). without change to existing international law. 2: The Bailiwick of Jersey by, The Prehistoric Foundations of Europe to the Mycenean Age, 1940, C. F. C. Hawkes. The growth of this sector however has not been without its controversies as Jersey has been characterised by critics and detractors as a place in which the "leadership has essentially been captured by global finance, and whose members will threaten and intimidate anyone who dissents. The bailiwick consists of the island of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands, along with surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks collectively named Les Dirouilles,[10] Les Écréhous,[10] Les Minquiers,[11] Les Pierres de Lecq,[12] and other reefs. [37] The Jersey way of life involved agriculture, milling, fishing, shipbuilding and production of woollen goods. Jersey Cattle, 1954, The Channel Islands under Tudor Government, A.J. Apples historically were an important crop. The remaining eighth (13%) gave another Christian denomination.[101]. For Horse racing, Les Landes Racecourse can be found at Les Landes in St. Ouen next to the ruins of Grosnez Castle. Search. The United Kingdom, while not a member of the EU since January 2020, remains part of the EU … The festival is regularly held in Howard Davis Park, St Saviour. [133], Emergency services[135] are provided by the States of Jersey Police with the support of the Honorary Police as necessary, States of Jersey Ambulance Service,[136] Jersey Fire and Rescue Service[137] and the Jersey Coastguard. The plateau is cut by valleys running generally north–south. A round-island swim is a major challenge that a select number of swimmers have achieved. Commercial relationships. La Cotte de St Brelade is a Palaeolithic site inhabited before rising sea levels transformed Jersey into an island. Migration policy is to move to a registration system to integrate residential and employment status. [20], British cultural influence on the island is evident in its use of English as the main language and the British pound as its primary currency, even if some people still speak or understand Jèrriais, the local form of the Norman language, and place names with French or Norman origins abound. Swimming in the sea, windsurfing and other marine sports are practised. The people of Jersey are often called Islanders or, in individual terms, Jerseyman or Jerseywoman. Jersey is the home of the Jersey Zoo (formerly known as the Durrell Wildlife Park[122]) founded by the naturalist, zookeeper and author Gerald Durrell. The Jersey House Price Index has doubled between 2002 and 2020. [126] The remaining population of agile frogs on Jersey is very small and is restricted to the south west of the island. Jersey is a distinct jurisdiction for the purposes of conflict of laws, separate from the other Channel Islands, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.[52]. Most of the surviving traditional songs are in French, with a minority in Jèrriais. Seafood has traditionally been important to the cuisine of Jersey: mussels (called moules in the island), oysters, lobster and crabs – especially spider crabs – ormers and conger. The levying of impôts (duties) different from those of the United Kingdom was granted by Charles II and remained in the hands of the Assembly of Governor, Bailiff and Jurats until 1921 when that body's tax raising powers were transferred to the Assembly of the States, leaving the Assembly of Governor, Bailiff and Jurats to serve simply as licensing bench for the sale of alcohol (this fiscal reform also stripped the Lieutenant-Governor of most of his effective remaining administrative functions). Jersey's unicameral legislature is the States Assembly. During the transition period, the UK has left the EU in law (so it is no longer an EU Member State) but the same rights and obligations apply to the UK as if it were still a member of the EU. The town consists of the built-up area of southern St Helier, including First Tower, and some adjoining parts of St Saviour and St Clement, such as Georgetown. On 18 February 2005, Jersey was granted Fairtrade Island status.[84]. The formal relationship is set out in Protocol 3 of the UK's 1972 Accession Treaty and confirmed in what is now Article 355 (5) (c) of the EU Treaties. [96] Jersey maintains its own immigration[97] and border controls. There have been efforts to revive Jèrriais in schools, and the highest number of declared Jèrriais speakers is in the capital. Jersey national football team plays in the annual Muratti competition among others. [22] It follows the National Curriculum although there are a few differences to adapt for the island,[118] for example all Year 4 students study a six-week Jersey Studies course.[119]. Jersey is officially a British Crown Dependency that forms part of the British Isles but is not classed as being part of the UK. Among other traditional dishes are cabbage loaf, Jersey wonders (les mèrvelles), fliottes, bean crock (les pais au fou), nettle (ortchie) soup, vraic buns. There were about thirty casualties on each side, and the English took 600 French prisoners who were subsequently sent to England. After the war of 1204 in which King James’ army was defeated by the King Philippe-Augustine’s of France at the battle of Roune, King James worked hard to convince the neighboring isles not to align themselves with the victorious French King. Jersey is not technically part of the EU, but the free trade of goods is allowed between Jersey and the European Union. In October 2012, the Council of Ministers issued a "Common policy for external relations"[14] which noted "that it is not Government policy to seek independence from the United Kingdom, but rather to ensure that Jersey is prepared if it were in the best interests of islanders to do so". 19th-century improvements in transport links brought tourism to the island. Islanders travelled across the north Atlantic to participate in the capital Jersey.... 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