12, 339–360. Gender disadvantage was independently predictive of psychological morbidity. Contrary to Ward's observation that circus programs are usually left to fend for themselves (2001), the cases studied in Brazil show adequate support from the school managers. The private (non-profit) schools clearly use “circus” as a school promotion strategy to draw students into their programs. However, in practice, this was achieved primarily by Schools 6 and 8, indicating that interdisciplinarity is an uncommon reality. A multiple case study examining elementary school art, music and physical education teachers' perceptions, attitudes and beliefs related to interdisciplinary teaching practice (Doctoral Dissertation). Educ. The diversity of these countries indicates that son pr… Educ. Two teachers (Schools 1 and 6) concluded higher education before the year 2000, the others between 2001 and 2010; all had more than 10 years of experience in the area. Their personal experiences in performing arts informed their decisions to teach circus at school. Only in one school (1) was the circus activity implemented through administrator initiative. B. P., and Bortoleto, M. A. C. (2019). %PDF-1.4 %���� I recognize that we leave some subjects in the background, due to our own weaknesses. Educ. Front. ��s�:`��d�d�i.��n3R����3��qjH�^��T�p��{p�����ؠ��@������iD$��C;�,%(��&�U��2LJ #��b�����Y� e��BJJ8��A3 A pilot study including interviews and observations in two local schools was conducted previously, aiming to linguistically improve the instruments and training all researchers involved. Participation frequency in physical education classes and physical activity and sitting time in Brazilian adolescents. Stride, A., Flintoff, A., Fitzgerald, H., Drury, S., and Brazier, R. (2018). Content Analysis: An Introduction to its Methodology. To better understand what influences student engagement, we include program information about implementation, financial investment and teacher education as a means of discovering whether similar gendering processes happen in circus instruction and traditional PE activities (Berg and Lahelma, 2010). We asked these professionals to indicate other contacts that could fit in the research, thus professionals indicated new professionals that increased our “snowball” sample. MB: research project coordination (all case studies), general data analysis review, and full paper writing (intro, method, results—tables, discussion, conclusion). In the convenience sampling process, we contacted dozens of PE teachers in order to identify those who worked with circus activities at school. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Initially, participants reported no gender preference for their nurses. Background Child gender preference is important in some cultures and has been found to modify risk for antenatal and postnatal depression. Gender equality in Physical Education from the perspective of Achievement Goal Theory. 0000005076 00000 n Ward, S. (2001). The State of Paraná (South Region) and the city of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, can be considered exceptions as they include the circus in their official curriculum proposals (Ontañón et al., 2012). The factors influencing this problem are many; one highlighted by research is socialization into a dominant coercive discourse that associates sexual-affective attraction … New York, NY:Routledge. Free play in early childhood education: a phenomenological study. 0000066414 00000 n Data transcriptions were read multiple times, each time developing and applying codes and seeking to reduce and systematize codes into categories. Soc. Even so, patterns emerge from each site which can be discussed together. Teach. The preference for sons is strong among men, but women have a slight preference for daughters. Gender segregation in specialty preference has been found already in medical school. School Principals and PE Teachers provided consent prior to participation. Teachers and managers spoke enthusiastically about the results, reinforcing this perception. Introduction: After more than a decade monitoring physical education instruction in Brazilian elementary schools we noticed an exponential increase in circus activities in both curricular physical education (PE) and in after-school programs. Brazilian educational authorities are not alone in recognizing that circus can positively contribute to student physical and social development (Duprat et al., 2014), many other countries worldwide also include circus arts in educational practices (Garcia, 2007, 2013; Bertin-Renoux, 2019; Kriellaars et al., 2019; Neave et al., 2020). doi: 10.1080/17457823.2015.1018290, Kriellaars, D., Cairney, J., Bortoleto, M. A. C., Kiez, T., Dudley, D., and Aubertin, P. (2019). TO: case 7 and 8 study, specific and cross cases data analysis, and article writing (intro and method). Published in volume 47, issue 2, pages 448-74 of Journal of Economic Literature, June 2009, Abstract: This paper reviews the literature on gender differences in economic experiments. Empowerment in education View all 14 articles, Nova Southeastern University, United States and preferences... A phenomenological study patterns emerge from each site skills training gender preference articles CST in... 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