A lesson plan that presents teaching and learning resources on direct and indirect speech. In this lesson you have learnt about direct and indirect speech and how to punctuate it properly. Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is commonly used in spoken conversations to report what others have said. In other words, if in direct speech we find say, says or will say then we will not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. before the closing inverted commas. Before we further proceed, watch the video here about DIRECT SPEECH | English writing lesson and exercises in English class. The 5-page worksheet includes a grammar activity on reported speech. In order to complete the subscription, please click the link in the email we have just sent you. If the reporting clause is after the direct speech: We write a comma (,) before the closing inverted commas. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define direct speech and indirect speech 2. distinguish between direct and indirect speech 3. list the rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech and indirect speech to direct speech said the policeman. After completing this lesson, the students will be able to: • Recognize the similarities and differences between direct and indirect speech. If the reporting clause is after the question or exclamation. With indirect or reported speech, as opposed to direct speech, we do not use quotation marks and it does not have to be word for word. Reporting clause before a question or exclamation. say, tell, ask, etc.) “Do you have a pen I could borrow,” he asked. or an exclamation mark (!) Learn to write better EMAILS in English. Cuando queremos informar exactamente de lo que otra persona ha dicho, utilizamos el estilo directo. A veces se usa “that” en las frases afirmativas y negativas para introducir lo que ha dicho la otra persona. DIRECT SPEECH | English writing lesson and exercises, “Have got” and “Has got” Practice exercise, he difference between “a little” and “little”, Matter – English noun, verb and expressions, When to use “a little” and “a few”: English Grammar Rules, Animal Expressions -English vocabulary lesson, Reading Comprehension for Children – Exercise 4. Rules For Changing Direct Speech Into Indirect Speech Rule 1: If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the Verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Recognize the differences between direct and indirect speech. ), (Chris preguntó, “¿Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por la noche?”). If the reporting clause is before a question or exclamation: We write a question mark (?) Teaching students reported or indirect speech can be complicated by the all the changes that are required when moving from direct speech into reported speech. The message can take 5 minutes to get into your inbox. Learn, Practice, Translate, Pronounce, Chat, Conjugate Verbs, Vocabulary and Expressions ... and much more! Vocabulary to report direct speech. before the closing inverted commas. Change direct speech to the correct version of reported speech This activity will require a little bit of prep time before class. El tiempo verbal cambia en el estilo indirecto también con algunos de los verbos modales. And finally, at the end of the lesson there are some exercises for practice. Note the changes in time in the examples below and at the end of the lesson you will find a table with more information regarding the changes in expressions of time in indirect or reported speech. 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